The Monograph Series No. 4: Urbanization in Indonesia

Urbanization in Indonesia MonographThe monograph on “Urbanization in Indonesia” is the fourth in the series and was written by Prof. Gavin W. Jones and Mr. Wahyu Mulyana. It makes extensive use of data from the 2010 Population Census and other authoritative official statistics in order to provide policy makers, academicians, and practitioners with the most up-to-date information about Indonesia’s urbanization situation.

This monograph is a reservoir of knowledge and it entails a compendium analysis of urbanization trends and other socio-demographic outcomes, and a literature review which highlights the inter-relationship between demographic and social change and policies.

This publication also recommends that development policies pay more attention to current urbanization patterns in Indonesia, to make sure migration and urbanization contribute in the best way possible to growth and socio-economic development in Indonesia.

The monograph is available online at UNFPA website.

Mainstreaming Gender in Climate Change Adaptation: A Case Study from Cirebon, Indonesia

Mainstreaming Gender in Climate ChangeClimate change is not only affecting geophysical systems through events such as floods, droughts, and sea level rise, but also human systems, including livelihoods, health, economies, and cultures. In Indonesia, climate change greatly affects many aspects of the economy, society, and environment. Cirebon is a coastal area in West Java Province that is particularly vulnerable to sea level rise, coastal flooding and long-term drought. The vulnerability of individuals to climate change will differ depending on their adaptive capacity. In terms of gender, men and women have different needs and face different challenges in dealing with climate change impacts. Therefore, gender inequality is a critical issue with regard to climate change adaptation and it is not yet mainstreamed into local climate adaptation policy. This study seeks to analyze gender dimensions in the context of climate change vulnerability in the Cirebon coastal area and to mainstream gender sensitivity into local climate adaptation policy and strategy. It is generally acknowledged that women are more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change than men. Accordingly, a gender analysis in the context of climate change impact is required to describe the variations in gender conditions and socio-economic aspects by investigating women’s education and literacy, livelihoods, access to and control over resources, health, mobility, status in female-headed households, and their roles in decision making. In order to increase further understanding of this issue, gender mainstreaming in climate change adaptation policy and programme is therefore critical.

This research was supported by International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) with Rockefeller Foundation through Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) Programme. The working paper is available online at and also briefing online at

Bunga Rampai “Indonesian City Development: From Planning to the Implementation of Urban Development in Indonesia”

Commemorating URDI’s 20th anniversary, Urban and Regional Development Institute and Sugijanto Soegijoko Foundation have expressed the idea related to the concept and approach in handling urban problem in Indonesia, by publishing the book of Bunga Rampai “Indonesian City Development: From Planning to the Implementation of Urban Development in Indonesia”. The fourth book of the series published years before, contains all thoughts from practitioners and urban expertise which discussed the concept and experience of urban development actors in policy formulation in the national level, local level, and some efforts outside the government.

This book discussed five main themes, there are : 1) urban development, 2) urban housing for low income community, 3) environment and climate change related to the disaster, 4) land and spatial planning, and 5) good governance. Those five main themes were discussed from the concept to the implementation.

This book was written for urban actors, academicians, and students who want to have more understanding on urban issues in Indonesia through concept exposure and practices in handling urban issues in Indonesia.

The book can be bought in Gramedia Book Store for IDR. 110,000  or through URDI’s Library - Sepsianto (Phone : +62 21 8312087) email : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it





Eksum 2

The Executive Summary, is a brief description of research activities done by URDI. Between 2011 and 2014, URDI has published five executive summaries, those are :

  1. The Cooperation between the Government, Community and Scavenger in Solid Waste Management in Jakarta. In 2004 up to 2008, URDI cooperated with SEA-UEMA and Asian Institute of Technology in doing research on solid waste management involving the community and scavengers at Rawajati Village, South Jakarta). The executive summary for this project was printed in November 2011.
  2. The Provision of Drinking Water and Integrated Sanitation for Low Income Community. In 2007, URDI cooperated with UNESCAP in setting up integrated sanitation and drinking water provision in Serang District, Banten. The executive summary for this project was printed in November 2011.
  3. The Study of Management and Institutional Aspect in Vulnerable Analysis of Climate Change. In 2009-2010, URDI cooperated with Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) in doing research on how cities overcome the risk of climate change in the present and future time regarding the aspect of management and institution. The executive summary for this project was printed in November 2011.
  4. The Study of Strategic Environmental Assessment for Green Prosperity. URDI cooperated with Abt Associates to set up Strategic Environmental Assessment in four districts as pilot projects : Muaro Jambi and Merangin District in Jambi Province, Mamuju and Mamasa District in West Sulawesi Province. This SEA is to identify the movement keys of environment, social and economic aspects. The executive summary for this project was printed in September2014.
  5. The Analytical Study of the Revitalization of Kota Tua Jakarta. In 2014, URDI cooperated with UNESCO in doing a research on the existence of Kota Tua Jakarta and in setting up the inventory of old buildings and stakeholder mapping regarding the plan of Kota Tua revitalization. The executive summary for this project was printed in September 2014.

Urbanisation, Demographics and Adaptation to Climate Change in Semarang, Indonesia

Demographics and Adaptation to Climate Change As the impacts of climate change become more pronounced, there is a pressing need for a comprehensive, well-informed response that enhances adaptive capacity among vulnerable communities. In many parts of the world, efforts to address the impacts of climate change have focused on national-level policies and have been based on meeting the needs of particular sectors. Using the city of Semarang, Indonesia as a case study, we argue for the necessity of a more localized response that takes into account the ways in which exposure to climate hazards overlap with the social and demographic factors that influence vulnerability. The spatial framework we develop here allows for the identification of communities within the city that are both at high risk for exposure to climate hazards and have high levels of vulnerability based certain social and demographic factors. These are the areas that are most likely to be dramatically impacted by climate change and would benefit most from efforts to foster adaptive capacity. Within these communities we also examine the specific factors that influence vulnerability, thereby providing information for targeting adaptation efforts to local needs. In the final section of this paper, we provide an overview of how national and local stakeholders might best address the vulnerabilities we have identified through this spatial analysis. This research highlights the fact that within Semarang, risk of exposure to climate hazards and various types of vulnerability overlap in multiple combinations. Therefore, fostering adaptive capacity requires a flexible approach that considers the specific challenges faced by each community.

More information on IIED site



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